Ankara İzmir Projeke e Phahameng ea Terene e Thahasellanang le Kotsi ea Pothole

ankara izmir porojeke e phahameng ea terene e tobane le kotsi ea ho teba
ankara izmir porojeke e phahameng ea terene e tobane le kotsi ea ho teba

Moifo oa Lienjiniere tsa Li-Geological oa Union of Chambers of Turkey Baenjiniere le Baitlami (TMMOB), e lokiselitseng tlaleho ho Ankara - İzmir High Speed ​​Terene, e reriloeng ho buloa ka 2022, e hlokomelisitse khahlano le ho theoa ha mapolanka karolong ea Eskişehir.


Polelong e entsoeng ka phapusing, ho hlalositsoe hore projeke e tobane le kotsi ea pothole, mme ho boletsoe hore "Karolo e itseng ea tsela ea Terene ea Ankara-mzmir e potlakileng e fetile ka majoe a evaporitic a qhibilihang mme a lebisa foromong ea pothole".

Polelong e boletsoeng ke kamore eo, o itse: "Selemo le selemo, tšisinyeho ea lefatše, ho putlama ha lefatše, likhohola, lejoe le joalo, ka lebaka la mabaka a tlhaho le a tlhaho lefatšeng le naheng ea rona. Liketsahalo tse ngata tse kotsi le tse kholo tse amanang le tlhaho tse ka bakang tahlehelo ea bophelo le thepa li hlahile. E 'ngoe ea liketsahalong tsena ke mofuta oa linotlolo tse bileng teng lenaneng la rona lilemong tsa morao tjena.

Ho hlophisoa ha sinko hangata ho bakoa ke ho sisinyeha ha metsi a lefats'e kapa mefuta e fapaneng ea metsi e phallang holim'a likarolo tsa geoloji tse qhibilihang (mafika a carbonated, evaporites), le mahaha a maholo kapa a qhibilihang a etsahalang ka sekhukhu ka lebaka la ho sitoa ho jara boima, mme sekoaelo se kaholimo se oela ka tšohanyetso. ..

Konya, Karapınar, Sivrihisar (Eskişehir), haholo-holo Karaman, Aksaray, Çankırı, Sivas, Kahramanmaraş, Şanlıurfa, Afyonkarahisar, Siirt, Manisa le İzmir li etsahala libakeng tse ngata. Le leng la mabaka a mantlha a keketseho ea liforomo tsa pothole lilemong tsa morao tjena ke tšebeliso e matla ea lefatše ea metsi le taolo e sa laoleheng.

Sebakeng se lipakeng tsa Sivrihisar (Eskişehir) setereke sa Sığırcık, Göktepe, Kaldirkoy le Yenikoy, li-draizles tse 2 tse nang le bophara ba limithara tse 50 le 0.5 m le botebo bo pakeng tsa 15 m le 8 m li etsahetse lilemong tse 'maloa tse fetileng. Ho latela lipatlisiso tse etsoang lebaleng le lithuto tsa moraorao litšoantšong tsa satellite; Hoa hlokahala ho nka mehato e potlakileng bakeng sa tikoloho ena, moo pothole e thehiloeng teng, ho ba teng feela 1.5 km ka boroa ho Polatlı-Afyon karolo ea Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Train Route, e ntseng e hahuoa.

Ho fihleloe qeto ea hore karolo e itseng ea tsela ea terene ea Ankara--zmir High Speed ​​e feta holim'a majoe a evaporitic a qhibilihang mme a lebisa mokhoeng oa ho sesa. Ho bohlokoa haholo hore lithuto tsa geological-geotechnical tsa tsela, moo sebopeho sa bohlokoa sa boenjineri se kang High Speed ​​Train se feta, se tla ts'oaroa ka tsela e tla senola le mabaka a bakang sebopeho sa sinkhole.

Jwalo ka TMMOB Chamber of Geological Enjiniers, re lebisitse tlhokomelo mathateng a jioloji, haholo mapheong a lefatše, tseleng e Phahameng ea Terene (YHT), e ntseng e hahuoa pakeng tsa Ankara le Istanbul. Leha ho le joalo, Directorate General ea TCDD ha e a ka ea nahana ka litemoso tsa rona; Ka lebaka leo, ka Qeto ea Lekhotla la Matona, likonteraka li fuoe keketseho ea litheko ka litekanyetso tse fetang 40% ea theko ea kaho ea morero. Ka lebaka la ts'ebetso ena e sa lebelloang, e ileng ea senya lisebelisoa tsa sechaba, kaho ea tsela ea Ankara-İstanbul YHT (haholo-holo Bozüyük-Arifiye) ha e so phethoe ha joale.

Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang; Litemoso tsa rona tsa hore mathata a mangata a tsoang mobung a tla tobana le nakong ea ts'ebetso ea boema-fofane ba Istanbul 3 ka lebaka la mabaka a kang sebaka se khethiloeng se kenyelletsa matša a mangata a tlhaho kapa a maiketsetso le likarolo tse fokolang tsa boenjinara ba likarolo tsa lefats'e, 'me li hlokomolohiloe ke Lefapha la Lipalangwa le Lintlafatso. Leha ho le joalo, ts'ebetso ena e lokafalitse Moifo oa rona, mme kaho ea Boema-fofane ba Istanbul e phethiloe ka mokhoa o fokolang, o nang le litšobotsi tse tšoanang lefatšeng, ka litšenyehelo tse holimo haholo ho feta merero e tšoanang.

Kaha tsela ea Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Train train e fetela ho 1.5 km ka leboea ho sebaka seo litseli li thehiloeng ke Chamber of Geological Engineers ea TMMOB, e le ho thibela tahlehelo ea bophelo kapa thepa e ke keng ea lefshoa bakeng sa nako e tlang, sebaka sena se nepahetse bakeng sa kaho ea siling. Bakeng sa ho tsebisa le ho hlokomelisa mekhatlo ea sechaba e ikarabellang le e nang le boikarabello, tlaleho e mabapi le sebopeho le likotsi tsa mapolanka e hlophiloe tseleng ea Eskişehir-Sivrihisar YHT.

Joaloka TMMOB Chamber ea Lienjiniere tsa Geological, re u hlokomelisa hape.

  • Directorate General oa MTA, Directorate General oa DS Direct le Bopresidente ba AFAD, ka ho hatisa bohlokoa ba taba ena, hammoho le mafapha a amehang a liunivesithi le mekhatlo e ikemetseng e amanang le eona, haholo-holo Chamber of Geological Injiniya ea TMMOB, e se e qalile ho beha bophelo ba rona le polokeho ea thepa naheng ea rona ka hara moralo o itseng, "Limmapa tsa likotsi tsa" Obruk "li lokela ho lokisoa ka ho etsa lipatlisiso tse tebileng tsa geoloji, geotechnical, hydrogeological le engineering geology le lipatlisiso tsa libaka.
  • Limmapa tsa likotsi tsa Obruk tse lokelang ho lokisoa li lokela ho fuooa sechabeng mme mehato e hlokahalang e lokela ho nkuoa.
  • Patlisiso, ho hlophisa le ho aha meralo ea boenjineri e nkang sebopeho sa sinki, e ntseng e hola tikolohong eo ebile e eketseha ka palo letsatsi le letsatsi, haholo-holo Directorate of State Railways, eo hajoale e ntseng e etsa morero oa Terene ea Ankara-İzmir le ho potlakisa litšebeletso seterekeng sena. mekhoa.
  • Ho lokela ho bontšoa hore projeke ea Izmir-Ankara e Potlakileng ea Terene, e ntseng e hahuoa ke Tsamaiso e Akaretsang ea TCDD, e tla ameha ke ho ba le lits'oants'o tse tebileng tsa projeke ea lebelo le phahameng ka ho nchafatsa lipatlisiso tsa geology-geotechnical, hydrogeological and engineering geology in the dikarolo tsa tsela ea Polatlı-Afyon haufi le libaka tseo ho buloang mechini ea siling. Ho seng joalo, ho hlakile hore marang-rang a ka bang teng nakong ea ts'ebetso a ka beha polokeho ea bophelo.

Ka lebaka leo, polelong ea hore marang-rang a thehiloe libakeng tsa temo hole le libaka tsa bolulo, ha e a ka ea baka tahlehelo e kholo ea bophelo le thepa ho fihlela kajeno, joalo ka lentsoe la ho qetela, "lifomate tse ka thelloang libakeng tse ka moo meaho ea boenjiniere e kang High Speed ​​Train e tla sebelisoa haholo ke batho e tla lebisa likotsi tse kholo le likoluoa ​​tse ncha. e ka buleha ”.

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