Indasteri ea Turkey 5-10 Li-Euro tse Limilione tsa Li-Euro Ha Baeti ba Bilione System tsa Rail System ba ea ho bajaki

Ha indasteri ea Turkey e potoloha ho romella limilione tsa li-euro, literene tsa tsamaiso ea literene tse limilione tse likete naheng ea rona li ea ho basele
Ha indasteri ea Turkey e potoloha ho romella limilione tsa li-euro, literene tsa tsamaiso ea literene tse limilione tse likete naheng ea rona li ea ho basele

Setsebi sa indasteri sa Turkey 5-10 li-euro tse limilione tse ho rekisa, ke tla theha mesebetsi naheng ea ka, ha li-euro tse limilione tse likete khoebong ea kantle li ntse li ea ho e le 'ngoe.

Machaena a hapile tefiso ea koloi ea seporong sa 2009 e tšoaretsoeng İzmir ho 32 ntle le tlhahiso e 'ngoe ea lehae le bakeng sa theko ea 33 Euro Euro.

Tea ea mosepele ea 2012 e neng e tšoaretsoe Ankara ho 324 e hapiloe ke Machaena ka monehelo oa lapeng oa 51% le lidolara tse limilione tsa 391.

Ma-Czech a hapile tefiso ea tram ea 2012 e tšoaretsoeng Konya ho 60 ntle le tlhahiso e 'ngoe ea lehae le bakeng sa theko ea 104 Euro Euro.

Hyundai Eurotem e hapile tefiso ea koloi ea 2015 e tšoaretsoeng Istanbul ho 300 ho 50 limilione tse 280 Euro le tlhokeho ea lapeng ea 200.

Machaena a hapile tefiso ea koloi ea seporong sa 2015 e tšoaretsoeng İzmir ho 85 ntle le tlhahiso e 'ngoe ea lehae le bakeng sa theko ea 71 limilione tse likete tsa 400 Euro.

Ma-China a hapile teye ea Subway ea 2018 e tšoaretsoeng Istanbul ho 272 ka theko ea 50 limilione tse likete tsa 2 TL ka boemo ba tlatsetso ea lapeng ea 448.

Metro tender ea 1 billion 196 billion 499 Euro, e reretsoeng ho tšoareloa Konya hona joale, e ile ea fuoa batho ba Machaena hape. Hobaneng ha a tla ka chelete ea Chaena mme a batla ho hlahisa makoloi ohle a ka tlasa lefatše ka ts'ebetso ea hae ea mantlha 'me ho saennoe li-signature. Ka ts'epo ba tla eketsa tlhoko ea tlatsetso ea 923%.

Ntle le moo, tekete ea hore likoloi tsa metro ea 172 e tšoareloe Istanbul Airport, likoloi li lokela ho tsamaisoa ka likhoeli tsa 8. Boleng ba bonolo ke li-euro tse ka bang limilione tse 300. Kahoo, ke hloka koloi ea tšohanyetso hape ho motho eo ke sa mo tsebeng eo ho bonahala eka le eena o ea China. Hoa hlokahala ho botsa hore na ke hobaneng liindasteri tsa Turkey li ne li sa rera lintho tsena tsohle nakong eo boema-fofane bo neng bo hahiloe lilemong tse fetileng.

Ho feta moo, indasteri ea Turkey e khona ho haha ​​lisebelisoa le likoloi tsa litsamaiso tsohle tsa terene.

Na ha rea ​​ka ra rera 11 morerong oa nts'etsopele ho fihlela 2023 e tla ba 80% tlatsetso ea lapeng le lebitso la naha? Ha re re ho Lits'ebetso tsa Liindasteri tsa 2023, thepa ea ka tlung e tla fuoa lintho tse tlang pele 'me thepa e kenelletseng e tsoang ka ntle e tla nkeloa sebaka ke ea matsoalloa?

Letsete la 1 bilione la Euro le tla tšoareloa haufinyane mme teye ea koloi ea makoloi ea 300 milione ea Euro e tla ts'oaroa Istanbul e tla hlabisa lihlong ho indasteri ea naha ea India le liindasteri haeba li fuoe motho oa machabeng. Ka mor'a moo, ho na le lithenda tsa metro tse ntseng li hahuoa le tsa projeke tsa Izmir, Ankara, Istanbul le Mersin. Theko e felletseng ea li-euro tsena tsa limilione tse likete tsa 5.

Ke nahana ho lahla Machaena le basele, 11. Ho na le tsela e le 'ngoe feela ea ho phethahatsa liqeto tsa sistimi ea lehae le ea Naha e nkiloeng ho Moralo oa Ntlafatso. O ile a boela sebelise a Turkey le kopanela tlhahiso ea ho TÜLOMSAŞ, TÜVASAŞ, DURMAZLAR, BOZANKA ho, ASELSAN, ka TÜDEMSAŞ le ASAS seporo tsamaiso eohle bahlahisi rona ho tlisa hammoho tlas'a khonsotiamong marulelong kaofela oona tsamaisong seporo sebetsa ka Turkey e le y'all moo le ea sechaba ke ile ka Ke hloka balaoli ba mmuso le khothatso ea mmuso ea ho re ke tla u tšehetsa.

Hobane likhamphani tsohle lefatšeng li ntse li matlafala ka ho kopana ho qothisana lehlokoa le tse ling. CRRC ea China e se e fetohile sebopeho se matla ke ho kopanngoa ha k'hamphani ea 10, e hlahisang lits'ebetso tsa seporo. Khamphani ea Jeremane ea Jeremane le k'hamphani ea Fora Alstom li ile tsa kena kopanong ho qothisana lehlokoa le China CRRC.

Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, haeba re sa khone ho theha tumellano e matla naheng ea rona, lik'hamphani tsena tse hlahisang Tsamaiso ea Lipalami tsa Rail 'me li etsa matsete a maholo naheng ea rona li tla koala mamati a tsona a le mong mme basebetsi ba 15.000 ba sebetsang lifeme tsena ba tla be ba sa sebetse.

Likhamphani tsena li loanela ho hapa li-euro tsa 5-10 tse limilione tse likete ho tsoa Romania, Poland, Thailand le 11. Haeba re sa latele liqeto tse nkuoeng lenaneong la nts'etsopele 'me re isetsa batho ba tsoang kantle ho naha thekiso ea litheko tsa lidolara tse libilione, e tla ba ho utloela bohloko indasteri ea rona ea naha.

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